Ayurvedic Herbs

The Ayurvedic Approach to Medicinal Herbs and Plants

Ayurveda approaches herbs through their energetic qualities, and not just their chemical constituents. The properties of herbs are classified according to their taste (rasa), energetic action (virya), post-digestive effect (vipaka), their affinity to the different systems, their effect on the doshas, as well as to other special potencies (prabhava) they may possess.

Below is a brief list of Ayurvedic herbs and some of their common indications in non-Ayurvedic terms for the general public. We suggest you consult a trained herbalist before taking any herbs. In Ayurveda, well-balanced constitutional formulas are often more effective to address specific health issues, since herbs are compounded in a holistic and individualized manner. At Blue Lotus Ayurveda we prepare personalized herbal formulas to meet your needs, and adjust them accordingly as your situation changes.

Related articles:
Ayurvedic Herbs and Home Remedies for Children
Ayurvedic Herbs for Male Reproductive Problems
An Ayurvedic View on Allergies

Find articles on Ayurvedic herbs in our Ayurveda Newsletter.

Subscribe to Vishnu Dass’ Blog: Ayurvedic Herbology – East & West to learn about Ayurvedic and western herbs for common ailments and simple home remedies for the whole family.

It is written in the Vedic Scriptures that, The essence of all beings is Earth. The essence of the Earth is Water. The essence of Water is plants. The essence of plants is the human being.

Common Names, Botanical Names and Indications of Ayurvedic Medicinal Herbs

Indian Name
Latin Name
Common Name
Properties – Indications
Ajwan,
Ajowan,
Ajwain,
Yavani
Carum
copticum
Carom,
Bishop’s
weed
Spastic bowel, flatulence, dyspepsia, sluggish digestion, chronic hiccups, belching, sinus congestion, asthma, menstrual cramping, renal calculi, depression.
Amalaki,
Amla,
Dhatri
Emblica officinalisEmblic myrobalan,
Indian gooseberry
Hyperacidity, constipation, ulcers, hepatitis, colitis, high cholesterol, diabetes, anemia, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Argbhada,
Arag-vadha,
Amaltas
Cassia fistulaIndian laburnum,
Purging cassia
Ringworm, constipation, fevers, bleeding, hemorrhoids.
Arjuna,
Arjun,
Kakubha
Terminalia arjunaArjuna myrobalanHeart, lungs, skin, liver, reproductive tissues, anemia, tumors, asthma, cardiac and circulatory problems.
AshwagandhaWithania SomniferaWinter cherryGeneral debility, insomnia, low libido, impotence, infertility, multiple sclerosis, enlarged prostate, skin diseases.
AswathaFicus religiosaPeepalAstringent, laxative, cooling, alterative. Boils, ulcers, skin disease, diabetes, constipation.
AvaniHyoscyamus nigerHenbaneSedative. Chronic dementia, hysteria, palpitations, asthma.
BadamaPrunus amygdalusAlmondLaxative, tonic, nervine tonic, mental stimulant.
BhringarajEclipta albaBhringarajAlopecia, premature greying, dizziness, hepatitis, cirrhosis, insomnia, bronchitis, asthma, skin.
BhumyamalakiPhyllanthus amarus; P. niruri; P. fraternus (US)Phyllanthus,
Stonebreaker
Chancra piedra
Jaundice, liver disease, fever, genitourinary disease, edema, gallstones, menorrhagea
Bibhitaki,
Baheda
Terminalia belericaBeleric myrobalanDigestive disorders, bronchitis, asthma, Chron’s disease, colitis, parasites, congestion of eyes, ears and nose, insomnia, bladder stones, cardiac congestion.
Brahmi,
Jalabrahmi
Bacopa
monnieri
Bacopa,
Indian Gotu kola
Memory loss, debility, cystitis, headaches, epilepsy, ADHD, Asperger’s syndrome, depression, autism.
ChampakaMichelia champacaChampacaEmmenagogue, diuretic. Gastritis, chronic arthritis, colic.
Chitrak,
Chitraka,
Agni,
Jvala
Plumbago zeylanicaWhite
leadwort
Digestive problems, non-bleeding hemorrhoids, arthritis, parasites.
Dadima,
Anardana
Punica
granatum
PomegranateDysentery, diarrhea, hyperacidity, dyspepsia, menopause, prostate problems, circulation.
Datura,
Dhattura
Datura metelWhite thorn appleJoint pain, asthma, fevers, lung congestion, dysmenorrhea.
DevadaruCedrus
deodara
DevadarDiaphoretic, diuretic, carminative. Fevers, diarrhea, urinary disorders.
Dhanyaka,
Dhaniya
Coriandrum sativumCoriander, CilantroBloating, flatulence, irritable bowel syndrom, worms, allergies, cystitis, dysuria, fevers, respiratory problems, heavy metals.
Ela,
Elaichi,
Sukshma ela
Elettaria cardamomumCardamomBloating, borborygmus, colic, indigestion, coughs, asthma, nausea, morning sickness, painful urination.
GarijaraDaucus carotaCarrot seedJaundice, kidney diseases.
Guduchi,
Giloy,
Amrita
Tinospora cordifoliaTinosporaArthritis, gout, malaria, diabetes, skin diseases.
Haridra,
Haldi
Curcuma longaTurmericInfections, ulcers, dyspepsia, diabetes, gallstones, skin diseases, conjunctivitis, cysts, endometriosis, dysmenorrhea, fevers, septicaemia, high cholesterol.
Haritaki,
Harde,
Hara
Terminalia chebulaChebulic myrobalanConstipation, hemorrhoids, eye disorders, dysentery, parasites, hemorrhoids, high cholesterol, coughs, conjunctivitis.
Hing,
Hingu
Ferula
asafoetida
AsafoetidaFlatulence, cough, constipation, palpitations, aphrodisiac, whooping cough, sciatica, convulsions, arthritis.
Isaphgul,
Sat Isabgol
Plantago ovataPsyllium huskConstipation, colitis, irritable bowel, cystitis
JatamansiNardostachys jatamansiIndian
spikenard
Nervousness, anxiety, dysmenorrhea, insomnia, hair tonic
Jeeraka,
Jeera
Cuminum cyminumCumin seedAntiseptic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, galactagogue, antispasmodic
Kapikachchu, AtmaguptaMucuna pruriensKapi kacchu, CowhageParkinson’s, paralysis, cramps, low libido, infertility, impotence, hypercholesterolemia.
KarpoorCinnamomum
camphora
CamphorDiarrhea, nervousness, muscular pain, fever.
Katuka,
Katuki,
Kutki
Picrorhiza kurroaGentianHepatitis C, cirrhosis, acidity, allergies, asthma, rhinitis, eczema, autoimmune conditions, dysentery.
Krishnajiraka, Kalika,
Kaljaji
Nigella sativaBlack cumin, Love-in-the-mistCarminative, antispasmodic, aromatic, diuretic, vermifuge, expectorant, bronchodilator
Kumari,
Ghee kunvar, Kunvar patha
Aloe indica,
Aloe vera, Aloe barbadensis
Aloe veraCuts, burns, infections, constipation, enlarged liver or spleen, hepatitis, bursitis, cystitis, vaginitis, bronchitis, asthma, tumors.
Kumkuma, Kesar,
Ghusrna
Crocus sativusSaffronDysmenorrhea, infertility, anemia, liver congestion, cardiac congestion, angina, impotence, low libido, depression, nervous debility, painful urination.
Kutaja,
Kutaj,
Kureya
Holarrhena
antidysenterica
KutajaAmoebic and bacillary dysentery, diarrhea, colitis, Chron’s disease, hemorrhoids, skin problems, bleeding disorders.
Lasuna,
Rasona
Allium
sativum
GarlicGastric disturbances, food poisoning, candida albicans, catarrh, myalgia, sluggishness, high cholesterol, clotting, infections, blood pressure.
MandukaparniCentella
asiatica
Gotu kola (West), Indian pennywortInsomnia, epilepsy, stress, autism, ADHD, Asperger’s, memory loss, inflammatory skin conditions, wounds, hair loss, arthritis, gout.
Manjista,
Manjishta,
Manjith
Rubia
cordifolia
Indian
madder
Female disorders, anorexia, skin diseases, poor appetite.
MarichaPiper
nigrum
Black
pepper
Dyspepsia, cough, pharyngitis, headache, diarrhea
MarkandikaCassia angustifoliaCassia angustifoliaConstipation, liver disease, joint pain
Mustaka,
Musta
Cyperus rotundusNut grassAnti-inflammatory, flatulence, fever, estrogenic
NagadamniArtemisia vulgarisArtemisia vulgarisAnthelminthic, expectorant
NagbalaGrewia hirsuteGrewia hirsuteDiarrhea, wounds, heart disease, fever
NarikelaCocos
nucifera
Cocos
nucifera
Fever, pharyngitis, skin disorders, alterative
Neem,
Nimba
Azadirachta indicaNeem, Margosa, Indian lilacSkin disease, antibacterial, antifungal, blood purifier, antipyretic, hepatoprotective, antiparasitic, antiseptic, antiemetic
PunarnavaBoerhavia diffusaIndian hogweedDiuretic, expectorant, laxative
Rakta ChandanPterocarpus santalinusRed sandalwoodSkin tonic, liver disorders, fever
Sariva,
Sugandhi
Hemidesmus indicusIndian sarsaparillaAlterative. Poor appetite, cough, skin problems
SarpagandhaRauwolfia serpentinaRauwolfia, Indian snake rootHypertension, anxiety, insomnia, colic
SatapushpiPeucedanum graveolensPeucedanum graveolensFlatulence, colic, abscesses, digestive
SatupuspaFoeniculum vulgareFoeniculum vulgareCough, flatulence, dysmenorrhea, hookworm, edema
ShallakiBoswellia serrataBoswellia serrataAntiarthritic, analgesic, anti inflammatory
Shankapushpi,
Shankhahuli
Evolvulus alsinoidesBindweed,
Aloe weed
Anxiety, diarrhea, bronchitis, memory loss, fever, liver problems, skin diseases.
Shardunika
Gurmar,
Meshasringa
Gymnema sylvestreGymnemaDiuretic, astringent, hypoglycemic, refrigerant, stomachic
ShatavariAsparagus racemosusWild
asparagus
Galactogogic, antispasmodic, anti diarrhetic, demulcent.
ShatiCurcuma zedoariaWhite
turmeric
Cough, asthma, leukorrhea, tonsillitis.
ShleshmatakaCordia myxa (obliqua)Cordia myxa (obliqua)Expectorant, colic, dyspepsia, ulcers, cough
Shunti,
Ardraka
Zinginber officinaleGingerStimulant, carminative, antispasmodic, expectorant, emmenagogue, antiemetic
Sigru,
Shigru
Moringa
oleifera
Horseradish, DrumstickAntifungal, antiviral, flocculating agent, stimulant, abortifacient, source of vitamin C, colds, boils, fever, joint pain, gout
SudarshanCrinum deflexum
(asiaticum)
Crinum deflexum
(asiaticum)
Emetic, inflammatory conditions.
TalamulikaCurculigo orchiodesCurculigo orchiodesHemmorrhoids, asthma, kidney stones, skin
Tulsi,
Tulasi,
Divya,
Vishnu-priya
Ocimum sanctumHoly basilDemulcent, expectorant, anticatarrhal, antispasmodic, anthelminthic, nervine, tonic, diaphoretic, digestive stimulant, antiparasitic, antibacterial
Twak,
Daru-sita,
Dalchini
Cinnamomum
zeylanicum
CinnamonAntispasmodic, carminative, aromatic, astringent, expectorant, stimulant, diaphoretic
UdumbaraFicus
racemosa
Ficus
racemosa
Diarrhea, hemorrhoids, bleeding disorders, antiseptic
UmaLinum usitatissimumLinum usitatissimumCystitis, bronchitis, boils, expectorant, demulcent
Vacha,
Ugragandha
Acorus
calamus
Calamus,
Sweet flag
Nervine, antispasmatic, sedative, stomachic, expectorant, emetic, laxative, diuretic
Vasaka,
Vasa
Justicia
adhatoda
Malabar nutBronchitis, asthma, jaundice, antispasmodic
Vidari,
Vidarikand
Pueraria tuberosaVidarikandaCough, hoarseness, respiratory stimulant, tonic
Yashti madhu,
Jethimadh
Glycyrrhiza glabraLicorice rootWounds, sore throat, colds, coughs, nervous exhaustion, liver, skin conditions,ulcers, cystitis, chronic fatigue.
ZuphaHyssopus officinalisHyssopCough, asthma, bronchitis, amenorrhea

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