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Hemorrhoid Treatment in Ayurveda

Hemorrhoids are essentially varicose veins of the rectum and anus. People between 45-60+ years of age have shown to be more likely to develop them, although they can occur much earlier in life.

Internal hemorrhoids are typically not visible and manifest above the anal orifice within the rectal canal. They are often asymptomatic unless they become large enough to prolapse and protrude, which is commonly noticed after having a bowel movement. If they become engorged they can occasionally bleed and ache due to downward pressure.

External hemorrhoids are visible and are often reddish to purple in color, and cause a feeling of fullness, dull to sharp aching pain, stinging and itchiness.  

Common Causes of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are commonly caused by a disturbance or increased pressure to the anus due to the following factors:

  • Digestive problems
  • Constipation
  • Child birth
  • Prolonged sitting or standing a long time
  • Lifting heavy weight or Powerlifting 
  • Hereditary predisposition
  • Dietary Factors
  • Obesity 

An Ayurvedic Perspective

According to Ayurveda, there are six varieties hemorrhoids (Arsha) referred to in the classical text Nidana Panchakam.

  • The first three involve the disturbance of one of the three doshas (bodily humors)- vata, pitta or kapha, although two doshas can be involved. 
  • Tri-Doshic (involving all of three dosha combined)
  • The disturbance of rakta dhatu (blood).
  • Genetic or hereditary factors (khavaiguniya)

When one or more of the doshas becomes aggravated or increased, they can disturb the Agni (digestive fire) and eventually exert a negative influence